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Some Solar Facts...
courtesy of NASA

Equatorial Radius695,500 km (metric)
432,200 miles (english)
Equatorial Circumference4,379,000 km (metric)
2,715,000 miles (english)
Volume1,142,200,000,000,000,000 km3 (metric)
2.7403 x 1017 mi3 (english)
Mass1,989,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kg (metric)
4,385,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 lbs (english)
Density1.409 g/cm3 (metric)
Surface Area6,087,799,000,000 km2 (metric)
2,347,000,000,000 miles2 (english)
Equatorial Surface Gravity274.0 m/s2 (metric)
899.0 ft/s2 (english)
Escape Velocity2,223,720 km/h (metric)
1,381,760 mph (english)
Sidereal Rotation Period (Length of Day)25.38 Earth days (609.12 hours)
Minimum/Maximum Surface Temperature5,500° C (metric)
10,000° F (english)
Effective Temperature5504° C (metric)
9939° F (english)
Spectral TypeG2 V
Luminosity3.83 x 1033 ergs/sec.
Age4.6 Billion Years
Composition92.1% Hydrogen, 7.8%Helium
Synodic Period27.2753 days
Rotation Period at Equator26.8 days
Rotation Period at Poles36 days
Velocity Relative to Near Stars19.7 km/s (metric)
Mean Distance to Earth149.60 million km (metric)
92.96 million mi (english)
Solar Constant (Total Solar Irradiance) at 1AU1.365 - 1.369 kW/m2
It is never a good idea to view the Sun without eye protection.  It is an especially bad idea to view the Sun though optics like a binocular or telescope without protection as you will do damage to your equipment and your eyes.
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